The main olive varieties in the north of the country are Chetoui, Sayali and Gerboui. The planting density in this region is of 100 trees/ha. The Chemlali and Oueslati varieties are found in the centre with a density of 50 to 60 trees/ha, while the Zalmati, Zarrari and Chemlali varieties are grown in the south with a density of 17 trees/ha (see map above).
Olive growing is one of Tunisia’s main agricultural activities. It plays a fundamental social and economic role, given that 60 pc of the country’s farmers work in this area and draw all or part of their revenues from it. Olive growing accounts for 30 to 40 million work days a year. It contributes to slowing down the rural exodus and generating revenues. The olive growing sector has a robust industrial infrastructure, with more than 1 700 olive oil processing facilities, 15 refineries, 10 olive pomace oil extraction units and more than 40 packing plants.Tunisia is the second country, after Spain, with the highest olive area,